I have been trying toquit smoking.
A give up B pick up C build up D take up
Relief 'Norkers were shocked by what they saw.
A moved B touched C surprised D worried
The weather is .a constant subject of conversation in Britain.
A question B problem C title D topic
This is nottypical of English, but is a feature of the Chinese language.
A particular B characteristic C remarkable D idiomatic
It is virtually impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.
A simply B almost C totally D completely
These are defensive behavior patterns which derive from our fears.
A stem B rely C develop D grow
0nly a small minority of the mentally ill are liable to harm themselves or others.
A easy B possible C likely D difficult
They have the capability to destroy the enemy in a few days.
A possibility B necessity C ability D probability
We have never seen such gorgeous hills.
A beautif:JI B stretching C spreading D rolling
The leaves have been swept into huge heaps.
A loads B layers C pyramids D piles
The news will horrify everyone.
A attract B terrify C tempt D excite
The article sketched the major events of the decade.
A described B offered C outlined D presented
I won't tolerate that kind of behavior.
A bear B receive C admit D take
Their style of playing football is utterly different.
A barely B scarcely C hardly D totally
Her sister urged her to apply for the job.
A advised B caused C forced D promised
Scotland: A Land of Wisdom
In the 1740s, the famous French philosopher Voltaire said "We look to Scotland for all
our ideas of civilization. " That's not a bad advertisement for any country when it comes to
attracting people to search for a first-class education.
According to the American author Arthur Herman, the Scots invented the modern world
itself. He argues that Scottish thinkers and intellectuals worked out many of the most
important ideas on which modern life depends - everything from the scientific method to
market economics. Their ideas did not just spread among intellectuals, but to those people
in business, government and the sciences who actually shaped the Western world.
It all started during the period that historians call the Scottish Enlightenment (启蒙运
动) , which is usually seen as taking place between the years 1740 and 1800. Before that,
philosophy was mainly concerned with religion. For the thinkers of the Scottish
Enlightenment, the proper study of humanity was mankind itself.
Their reasoning was practical. For the philosopher David Hume, humanity was the right
subject for philosophy because we can examine human behavior and so find real evidence of
how people think and feel. And from that we can make judgments about the societies we live
in and make concrete suggestions about how they can be improved. for universal benefit.
Hume's enquiry into the nature of knowledge laid the foundations for the scientific
method - the pursuit of truth through experiment. His friend and fellow resident of
Edinburgh, Adam Smith, famously applied the study of mankind to the ways in which
mankind does business. Trade, he argued, was a form of information. In pursuing our
own interests through trading in markets, we all come to benefit each other.
Smith's idea has dominated modern views of economics. It also has wide applications.
He was one of the philosophers to point out that nations can become rich, free and powerful
through peace, trade and invention.
Although the Scottish Enlightenment ended a long time ago, the ideas which evolved at
that time still underpin (构成......的基础) our theories of human exchange and enquiry. It
also exists in Scotland itself in an educational tradition that combines academic excellence
with orientation (方向) .
Scotlandis the right plaee to receive a first-class education.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Accoroing to Arthur Herman, the Scots developed many important ideas which modern life depends on.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Philosophers had come to know the importance of studying humanity even before theScottish Enlightenment took place.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
David Hume Was the first philosopher to study mankind.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Smith's idea has extensive applications.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
0ur current theories of human exchange and enquiry have nothing to do with the ideas
developed during the Scottish Enlightenment.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Smith died in 1800.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Things to.Know about the U.K.
1 From Buckingham Palace to Oxford, the U.K.is loaded with wonderful icons（标志）of
past eras. But it has also modernized with confidence. lt's now better known for vibrant（充
满活力的） cities with great nightlife and attraction. Fashions. fine dining, clubbing,
shopping - the U.K.is among the world's best.
2 Most people have strong preconceptions about the British. But if you're one of these
people, you'd be wise to abandon those ideas. Visit a nightclub in one of the big cities, a
football match, or a good local pub and you might more readily describe the English people
as humorous and hospitable. lt's certainly true that no other country in the world has more
bird-watchers, sports supporters, pet owners and gardeners than the U.K.
3 Getting around England is pretty easy. Budget（廉价的）airlines like EasyjET and
Rynnair fly domestically. Trains can deliver you very efficiently from one major city to
another. Long distance express buses are called coaches. Where coaches and buses run
on the same route, coaches are more expensive (though quicker) than buses. London's
famous black cabs are excellent but expensive. Minicabs are cheaper competitors, with
freelance（个体的）drivers. But usually you need to give a call first. London's underground
is called the Tube. lt's very convenient and can get you to almost any part of the city.
4 The U.K.is not famous for its food. But you still need to know some of the traditional
English foods. The most famous must be fish and chips. The fish and chips are deep fried
in flour. English breakfast is something you need to try. It is fried bacon, sausages, fried
eggs, black pudding, fried tomatoes, fried bread and baked beans, with toast and a pot of
tea. Other things like shepherd's pie and Yorkshire pudding are also well-known as a part of
English food culture.
5 Pubbing and clubbing are the main forms of English nightlife, especially for the young.
Pubbing means going to a pub with friends, having drinks, and chatting. Clubbing is
different from pubbing and includes going to a pub, or a place of music, or a bar, or any
other places to gather with friends. Clubbing can be found everywhere. Usually there iS
some kind of dress code for clubbing, such as no jeans, no sportswear, or smart
clubwear, while pUbbing is much more casual.
Paragraph 3 ______
Paragraph 4 ______
Paragraph 5 _____
A faster but more expensive than buses
B both ancient and modern
C humorous and hospitable
D cheap and efficient
E traditional and famous
F clever and hardworking
The U. K. is a country that is___________
The British people are___________
Coaches in the U.K. are ______
Fish and chips are ______
A Debate on the English Language
A measure declaring English the nationai language is under intense debate in the United
States. The U. S. Senate passed two declarations last week. One calls English the nation's
official language and the other says it is the "common and unifying (统一一的) " tongue. But
Americans found themselves divided on the issue.
Since people worldwide know that most Americans speak only English. many can't
understand why the issue is so controversial (有争议的).
"The discussion is related to fears of immigration issues," says Dick Tucker, a social
scientist at Pittsburgh's Carnegie Mellon University. "It's related to a worry about the
changing demography (人口统计) of the U. S. It's a worry about who wiil continue to have
political and economic influence. "
In fact, the notion of protecting the language has been kicked around almost since the
nation's founding. John Adams lobbied (游说) in 1780 for the creation of a national
academy to correct and improve the English language. But his proposal died. since
lawmakers saw it as a royalist (保皇主义者) attempt to define personal behavior.
Sirice then, the country hasn't had a national language, but the idea of recognizing the
special status of English lived on.
The emotions surrounding language resurface (再次浮现) not because people feel
comfortable with English. It is more about the discomfort many Americans feel with the new
languages, says WaIt Wolfram, a professor at North Carolina State University.
" Language is never about language," he says.
According to the 2000 U. S. Census Bureau report, of 209 million Americans over 18
years old, 172 million speak only English at home. About 37 million speak languages other
than English. Among them, 6. 5 million speak poor English a and 3. 1 million don't speaK
English at all.
What are the two declarations concerned with?
A The status of the English languages.
B The protection of new languages.
C The rights to speak one's mother tongue.
D The improvement of the English language.
Who suggested in the 18th century that English should be protected?
A WaIt Wolfram. B John Adams.
C Royalists. D Dick Tucker.
Which of the following is the current debate NOT related to?
A The immigration issues.
B The changing demography.
C The worry about the new languages.
D The U. S. 's military strength.
Which statement is true according to the 2000 U. S. Census Bureau report?
A 172 million Americans speak only English in their work places.
B 37 million Americans speak English.
C 209 million Americans are above the age of 18.
D 6. 5 million Americans speak good English.
The phrase "kicked around" ( paragraph 4) could be best repiaced by
A "invented. " B "formed. "
C "shaped. " D "discussed. "
After 10 seasons wearing the No. 8 0n his back. Kobe Bryant will become No.24 next
season. The reason for the surprising decision by the Los Angeles Lakers super guard laSt
week has become a hot topic for debate.
Bryant wore No. 24 when he was in early high school, but he changed to No. 33 in his
senior year. He switched to No. 8 when he was selected by the Lakers in 1996, and has
not been changed since.
Bry.ant has refused to explain the decision until the end of the play-offs (季后赛). So
guessing Bryant's motive has become a popular game among NBA fans and newspaper
columnists (专栏作家) . ,
There are all kinds of speculations. Many say that Bryant wants to leave the past
behind and have a fresh start. He has often been criticized for playing to benefit himseif and
not the team as a whole. Others say that he may be trying to compare himself to Michael
Jordan. Jordan was famous for his No. 23 jersey (运动衫). Some, such as N. B. C. Sport
columnist Michael Ventre, argue that it is "ali about money". Bryant will make more money
by selling new jerseys to his fans.
Some speculations are more about fun. For example, there is an opinion that Kobe is
actually just a diehard (非常执著的) fan of the popular T. V. drama "24".
All this talk has turned the number change into a major issue. It seems that there is a
lot of fuss (大惊小怪) over something that should be pretty simple.
Jersey numbers have their own special significance in American sports. especially
basketball. Players choose their number when they join a team and they usually stick with
that number for the rest of their career. When a great player retires, his team will honor him
by retiring his number.
To some extent. the jersey is the player, and the player is the ,jersey. Thus, when
you see the famous No.23 for the Chicago Bulls, you immediately think about Michael
Jordan. A No.32 Miami Heats jersey recalls the image of Shaquille O'Neal. and the
Houston Rockets' No. 11 belongs only to Yao Ming.
Lots of stories are behind players' jersey number selections. Jordan said that he chose
No. 23 because it was roughly half of 45. Jordan's elder brother wore the No. 45 in college.
Yao Ming once revealed that the No. 11 stands for two people in love - meaning him and
his girlfriend Ye Li.
Which team has Bryant played for?
A The Los Angeles Lakers. B The Houston Rockets.
C The Chicago Bulls. D The Miami Heats.
How long has Bryant been wearing No. 8?
A Since he started to play basketball.
' B For ten seasons.
C Since he entered high school.
D Since he left the Lakers.
Which of the following is NOT a speculation about Bryant's motive to change his number, according to this passage?
A He wants to leave his past behind and have a fresh start.
B He wants to compare himself to Jordan.
C He wants to earn more money.
D He wants to show that he is a man of great importance.
Why did Jordan choose No. 23?
A Because that number wouid make him famous.
B Because that number would make his fans miss him.
C Because that number was related to the number his brother once wore.
D Because that number was easy to remember.
What does the number Yao Ming chose stand for?
A Two long legs. B Two strong arms.
C Two people in love. D Two big countries.
Trying to Find a Partner
One of the most striking findings of a recent poll in the U. K. is that of the people
interviewed, one in two believes that it is becoming more difficult to meet someone to start a
Why are many finding it increasingly difficult to start and sustain intimate relationships?
Does modern life really make it harder to fall in love？Or are we making it harder for
It is certainly the case today that contemporary couples benefit in different ways from
relationships. Women no longer rely upon partners for economic security or status. A man
doesn't expect his spouse to be in sole charge of running his household and raising his
But perhaps the knowledge that we can live perfectly well without a partnership means
that it takes much more to persuade people to abandon their independence.
In theory, finding a partner should be much simpler these days. Only a few generations
ago, your choice of souimate (心上人) was constrained ( 限制) by geography, social
convention and family tradition. Although it was never explicit. many marriages were
Now those barriers have been broken down. You can approach a builder or a brain
surgeon in any bar in any city on any given evening. When the world is your oyster (牡蛎) ,
you sureiy have a better chance of finding a pearl.
But it seems that the old conventions have been replaced by an even tighter constraint:
the tyranny of choice.
The expectations of partners are inflated ( 提高) to an unmanageable degree: goodlooks,
impressive salary, kind to grandmother, and right socks. There is no room for error
in the first impression.
protect ourselves against future heartache and don't put in the hard emotional labor needed
to build a strong relationship. Of course, this is complicated by realities. The cost of
housing and child-rearing creates pressure to have a stabie income and career before a life
What does the recent poll show?
A It is getting more difficult for a woman to find her husband.
B It is getting increasingly difficult to start a family.
C It is getting more difficult for a man to find his wife.
D It is getting increasingly difficult to develop an intimate relationship with your spouse.
Which of the following is NOT true about a contemporary married couple'?
A The wife doesn't have to raise the children all by herself.
B The husband doesn't have to support the family all by himself.
C The wife is no longer the only person to manage the household.
D They will receive a large sum of money from the government.
Which of the following was NOT a constraint on one's choice of soulmate in the old days ?
A The health condition of his or her grandmother.
B The geographical environment.
C The social convention.
D The family tradition.
Which of the following is NOT expected of a partner according to this passage?
A Good looks. B An impressive career.
C A high salary. D A fine sense of humor.
The word "sustain " ( paragraph 2) could be best replaced by
A " reduce. " B "shake. "
C "maintain. " D "weaken. "
A Heroic Woman
The whole of the United States cheered its latest hero, Ashley Smith, with the Federal
Bureau of Investigation saying it was planning to give a big reward to her for having a brave
heart and wise mind.
______(46)She was moving into her apartment in Atlanta, Georgia early on
the morning of March 12, when a man followed her tc her door a'nd put a gun to her side.
"I started walking to my door, and I felt really, really afraid," she said in a T. V.
interview last week. The man was Brian Nichols, 33. He was suspected of killing three
people at an Atlanta courthouse ( 法院) on March 11 and later of killing a federal agent.
Nichols tied Smith up with tape, but released her after she repeatedly begged him not to take her life. "I told him if he hurt me, my little girl wouldn't have a mummy," she said.
In order to calm the man down, she read to him from "The Purpose-Driven Life", a best-
selling religious book. He asked her to repeat a paragraph "about what you thought your
purpose in life was - what talents were you given. " ______(48)
"I basically just talked to him and tried to gain his trust," Smith said.
Smith said she asked Nichols why he chose her. "He said he thought I was an angel
sent from God, and we were Christian sister and brother," she said. "And that he was
lost3 and that God led him to me to tell him that he had hurt a lot of people."
______ (49) She said Nichols was surprised when she made him breakfast and
that the two of them watched television coverage (报道) of the police hunt for him. "I
cannot beiieve that's me." Nichois told the woman. Then, Nichols asked Smith what she
thought he should do. She said, "I think you should turn yourself in. If you don't, lots
more people are going to get hurt. "
Eventually, he let her go. ______(50) A U. S. $60,000 reward had been
posted for Nichols' capture. Authorities said they did not yet know if Smith would be eligible
(有资格的) for that money.
A The local police were searching for him.
B Smith is a 26-year-old single mother with a daughter.
C Smith tried very hard to kill Nichols.
D She even cooked breakfast for the man before he allowed her to leave.
E And the two of them discussed this topic.
F Then she called the police.
When I was in my teens (十几岁) and 20s, hitchhiking was a main form of long-
distance transport. The kindness or curiosity of strangers ________(51 ) me all over
Europe, North America, Asia and southern Africa. Some of the lift-givers became friends,
many provided hospitality _____(52) the road.
Not only did you find out much more about a country than ______(53) traveling
by train or plane, but also there was that element of excitement about where you would
finish up that night. Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture. It has books and
songs about it. So what has happened to______ (54)?
A few years ago, I asked the same question about hitchhiking in a column on a
newspaper. ________(55) of people from all over the world responded with their view
on the state of hitchhiking.
"If there is a hitchhiker's _______ (56) it must be Iran," came one reply. Rural
lreland was recommended as a friendly place for hitchhiking, _____ (57) was
Quebec, Canada - "if you don't mind being berated (严肃指责) for not speaking French. "
But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in many parts of the world, the
______ (58) feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed (消亡).
With so much news about crime in the media, people assumed that anyone on the
open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger. But do we
____ (59) to be so wary both to hitchhike and to give a lift'l
In Poland in the 1960s, _____(60) a Polish woman who e-mailed me, "the
authorities introduced the Hitchhiker's Booklet. The booklet contained coupons for drivers,
so each time a driver ______(61) somebody, he or she received a coupon. At the
end of the season, ______ (62) who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded
with various prizes. Ever body was hitchhiking then. "
Surely this is a good idea for society. Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking
down _____ (63) between strangers. It would help fight _____ (64)
warming byu Cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuels. It
would also improve educational standards by delivering instant _______( 65) in
geography, history, politics and sociology.
A made B took C traveled D crossed
A above B over C at D on
A when B after C before D until
A the books B them C it D the songs
A Hundreds B Hundred C Thousand D Dozen
A sky B space C map D heaven
A like B as C for D since
A big B large C general D little
A have to B must C should D need
A according to B owing to C due to D with respect to
A sent B picked up C selected D brought
A passengers B hikers C drivers D strangers
A fences B barriers C gaps D stones ,
A global B total C entire D whole
A discussions B debates C consultations D lessons