Which is NOT true of the man?
A He is new in the Department.
B He gets along with others well.
C He is in charge of a project.
D He is from Scotland.
What is the temperature in Cambridge?
What is the best choice for the woman?
A She should live on campus.
B She should live with an English family.
C She should live in the University Society.
D She should live with friends.
What is the relationship between the two speakers?
A They are friends.
B They have never met before.
C They are lovers.
D They are classmates.
What is the cause of the long waiting?
A The computer of the place goes wrong.
B There aren't enough people selling tickets.
C The tickets are not many.
D They haven't mentioned about it.
What does George think about the long waiting?
A He thinks it terrific.
B He thinks the waiting is worthy.
C He feels comfortable waiting so long.
D He feels disgusted.
What is the disadvantage of an excursion fare?
A More expensive than the usual price.
B Only one stopover allowed.
C Having only one Australian stop.
D Many restrictions on it.
What happens if Adams stops at Perth?
A He can't meet his friends.
B The flight goes without him.
C He has to pay more than 795 pounds.
D He can't stop at Hong Kong then.
How much is the fare from Sydney to Perth?
A 400 pounds.
B 150 pounds.
C 420 pounds.
D 795 pounds.
What has the man decided to do?
A To buy a ticket now.
B To buy a ticket at Perth.
C To go to Perth first.
D To talk to his friends.
John Williams' house is made of
C animal skin.
D old stones.
John Williams has lived in his present location
A since he was born.
B since he graduated from college.
C since his wife died.
D almost half his life.
According to the speaker, which of the following could John Williams not use in his cabin?
A An ax.
John Williams likes to
A live away from human society.
B find a peaceful place to read books.
C make things by himself.
D have a chat with his friends in his cabin.
In 1847 most countries of the world were
A not yet using postage stamps.
B collecting valuable stamps.
C buying stamps from Mauritius.
D printing their own stamps.
The mistake on the locally-printed postage stamps was in the
A spelling of postage.
B use of words.
It can be inferred that
A all correctly printed stamps are worthless.
B Mauritius needed the stamps to send out invitations to a ball.
C the printer was punished for his mistake.
D collectors are constantly looking for stamps with mistakes.
The purpose of Magellan's expedition was
A to sail round the world.
B to find navigation lane from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
C to make a voyage to Asia.
D to carry men to Philippines.
Which is NOT mentioned in the passage concerning the expedition?
A Lack of navigation equipment.
B Severe winter in Patagonia.
C The death of Magellan.
D Dangers from rocks and storms.
The best title for this passage is
A The Discovery of Magellan's Strait
B The Discovery of the Philippines
C The Most Dangerous Expedition in Navigation
D The First Expedition to Asia
The casualties for the rival Muslim militias were
______ reported the rocket attacks.
A Two hospitals
B Local newspapers
C A news agency
D Leaders of the main factions
What does The Moment of Isaac Newton refer to in the news?
A A discussion about Newton's theory.
B A conference held in the honor of Newton.
C A display of Newton's works in the library.
D An exhibition of documents and other items about Newton.
Who is Mordechai Feingold?
A The president of the University of Cambridge.
B The chairman of Science and the Making of Modern Culture.
C A faithful follower of Newton.
D A professor at the California Institute of Technology.
Which games will be moved to China by NBA in 2004?
A Regular games.
B Pre-season games.
C Off-season games.
D All-star games.
What is the purpose of moving NBA games to China?
A To boost the popularity of NBA in China.
B To support the development and growth of basketball in China.
C To earn a considerable sum in the market of China.
D To help the Chinese players to improve their level.
Each day of Earth Week, for example, has been given over to a separate environmental issue. They are, (1) , energy efficiency, re-cycling, water (2) , alternative transportation, pollutant information and outdoor (3) . Each one, as you can see, is wholly concerned with human problems, human systems, human safety and (4) how (American) humans can go on living (5) the same material level over the long haul (6) messing things up for them-selves. (7) on that list is there any consideration of what are thought to be animals (or trees or rivers) rights; nowhere any regard for the ongoing (8) of species caused by humans; nowhere a (9) for the countless other species that are being (10) daily by the destruction and poisoning of habitats; nowhere any thought given to the (11) of the natural systems of the living earth and learning to live in them as the first people did. 12) all, nowhere on the list is there found any consideration of wilderness, of the need for a healthy earth to have places where humans don't (13) , where the full complexity and diversity of life are allowed to (14) unaffectedly. All that the Earth Day people can see is something called "just think of the (15) " of "outdoors", and all they can think of doing there is human "recreation".
The reason that is important is that (16) the human understands itself as a species "reapplies for membership in the biosphere", as the eco-historian Thomas Berry has (17) it, "it will never stop treating the earth and its treasures (resources) as the rightful food for its omnivorous maw (杂食性动物的胃), will never stop acting as if it owns the earth and has the right of control (18) its species". This is a matter of passing laws or double-panning windows; this is a deep reordering of values, a new (and very' old) way of understanding the earth and its species as sacred, an ecological (19) that go right to the heart of our lives. Without it no (20) changes will come, or last.
A of course
B on condition
C in practice
D with regards
He is not ______ I thought he would be.
A more a help than
B a help more than
C so much of a help as
D a help as much as
The staff, having finished work for the day, ______ going home now.
There has been a great increase in retail sales, ______ .
A does there
B isn't there
C hasn't there
D isn't it
A love marriage, however, does not necessarily ______ much sharing of interests and res-ponsibilities.
A take over
B result in
C hold on
D keep to
How is it ______ your roommate's request and yours are identical?
You may borrow the book, ______ that you do not lend it to anyone else.
A on occasion
B on condition
C on purpose
D only if
Very few scientists ______ completely new answers to the world's problems.
A come up with
B come out
C come round
D come up to
Jones and Edwards are, ______ the producer and director of the movie.
Jane has just ______ a letter from a friend of hers in England.
I turned down his invitation to dinner as I didn't want to ______ on him.
These varied racial groups have learned to live together in peace and ______ , setting an example well worth following.
After a concert tour in Asia, Canada and the U.S. , he will ______ work on a five-language opera.
Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, completely ______ to the outside world.
A having been lost
B to be lost
______ she wondered if she had made a mistake.
A Not until long afterwards that
B Not long until afterwards
C It was not until long afterwards that
D It was long afterwards until
Of all the soldiers they had the ______ of being the fiercest, the most patriotic, the toughest.
The manager made a farseeing decision ______ what she had said.
A in the course of
B in the light of
C in favor of
D in the face of
A(n) ______ job is one that is long and boring.
The bus that ______ outside the inn would soon take the visitors downtown.
A held back
B pulled up
C got down
D set forth
We advised them to take a rest, but they ______ on finishing the work.
______ I'd like to, I can't come.
A In spite of
B Though much
C Much as
D As much
Living in the central Australian desert has its problems, ______ obtaining water is not the least.
A for which
B to which
C of which
D in which
His illness made him ______ of concentration.
We should always keep in mind that ______ decisions often lead to bitter regrets.
Classification is a useful ______ to the organization of knowledge in any field.
It is no good ______ him. He is always indifferent towards other's matters.
A to turn to
B turning to
C turn to
D turned to
Great as Newton was, many of his ideas ______ today and are being modified by the work of scientists of our time.
A are to challenge
B may be challenged
C have been challenged
D are challenging
There is ______ district in the world.
A no such a
B not such
C not such a
D no such
You spent more money than ______ intended to be spent.
"You are very selfish. It's time you ______ that you are not the most important person in the world," Edgar said to his boss angrily.
B have realized
D would realize
I'm ashamed ______ such a thing.
A that you would have done
B that you should have done
C of what you are doing
D to what you were doing
In Mexico, President Vicente Fox is making an effort to calm protests in the farming sector through a dialogue with the government. But, the talk, so far, is mostly one-sided.
The dialogue between Fox government officials and farm group leaders held on Tuesday here in Mexico city included two cabinet officials and a number of governors and legislators, but very few campesinos, as the farmers are called in Spanish.
The leaders of the nation's largest campesino organizations, the Congreso Agrario Permanente, or Permanent Agrarian Congress, and the Confederation National Campesino, or National Farmers Confederation, boycotted the session. They complained that the government's decision to change the venue, from the National Archives building to a sports complex, violated an agreement to consult with them on such arrangements.
President Fox is calling on all such groups to attend another meeting later this week so that they can contribute to the effort to improve the lot of Mexico's farmers.
He says he wants to move forward quickly to develop a national accord for the agricultural sector by March 15. He says this accord should include details about how to provide more financing and credit to farmers as well as how to help farmers commercialize their products.
President Fox is encouraging poor farmers to develop more skills in both production and in marketing. He says that some farm operations in Mexico are prospering under the North American Free Trade Agreement, known as NAFTA. Mr. Fox notes that the Mexican farm sector produces 157 products for sale in the United States and that Mexico leads the world in production of several types of products, including watermelons, tomatoes, broccoli and cauliflower.
Mexican tomato producers are among the most enthusiastic supporters of the trade agreement. In the past ten years, Mexico has nearly doubled its tomato exports and today, one out of every three tomatoes sold in the United States comes from Mexico.
But campesino leaders say NAFTA has favored such large-scale operations and left behind the millions of poor, small-scale farmers who cannot compete with the United States and Canada. Two weeks ago, some 20,000 campesinos marched in Mexico City demanding that the government renegotiate NAFTA, something President Fox has said he would not favor.
Under the terms of the treaty, tariffs on several commodities were reduced to zero on January 1. By 2008, tariffs are set to fall on a number of other products including corn, sugar and beans.
The United States has remained out of the fray over NAFTA here in Mexico other than issuing statements highlighting the benefits of the agreement. However, Canada's ambassador to Mexico, Keith Christie, in an interview published in the Reforma newspaper Tuesday, said his country is against any change in the treaty. He said NAFTA is a complete package and it is not possible to change one part without reopening the entire agreement. That, he said, would not be good for any of the countries involved and he noted that both Canada and Mexico have gained more than the United States in terms of increased exports as a result of NAFTA.
What fact indicated that the talk was mostly one-sided?
A There were very few farmers present in the dialogue.
B The President manipulated the government.
C The cabinet officials and governors and legislators were on the farmer's side.
D The campesino leaders supported the President.
Why did the farm leaders protest against the session?
A Because they did not like the session to be held in the National Archives building.
B Because they did not think sports had anything to do with the talk.
C Because they thought the decision of changing venue was against the previous agreement.
D Because they thought the talk was unfair to poor farmers.
What is implied about the Mexican agricultural products?
A The Mexican agricultural products have been highly commercialized.
B Some agricultural products are imported from the US.
C The Mexican agricultural products are in the leading place in the world.
D Some Mexican agricultural product has got a majority of America market share.
What do campesino leaders think is the disadvantage of NAFTA?
A They think it unfair to Mexican farmers.
B They think it hinders the development of Mexican agriculture.
C They think it affects the benefits of the campesino organizations.
D They think it hurts the interests of poor Mexican farmers.
What does Keith Christie think of the treaty?
A He is against any change of it.
B He thinks it no good for any countries concerned.
C He thinks Mexico will get more benefits from it than Canada will.
D He is in favor of reopening the entire agreement.
Marianne Hardwick was timid and unadventurous, her vitality consumed by physical activity and longing, here intelligence by indecisiveness, but this had less to do with the innate characteristics of her weaker sex (as her father, Creighton Montgomery, called it) than with the enfeebling circumstances of here upbringing. Creighion Montgomery had enough money to mould his daughters according to his misconceptions: girls were not meant to fend for themselves so he protected them from life. Which is to say that Marianne Montgomery grew up without making any vital choices for herself. Prevented from acquiring the habits of freedom and strength of character which grow from decision-making, very rich girls, whose parents have the means to protect them in such a crippling fashion, are the last representatives of Victorian womanhood. Though they may have the boldest manners and most up-to-date ideas, they share their great-grandmothers' humble dependence.
Most parents these days have to rely on their force of personality and whatever love and respect they can inspire to exert any influence over their children at all, but there is still an awful lot of parental authority that big money can buy. Multimillionaires have more of everything than ordinary mortals, including more parent power, and their sons and daughters have about as much opportunity to develop according to their own inclinations as they would have had in the age of absolute monarchy.
The rich still have families.
The great divide between the generations, which is so much taken for granted that no one remarks on it any longer, is the plight of the lower and middle classes, whose children begin to drift away as soon as they are old enough to go to school. The parents cannot control the school, and have even less say as to what company and ideas the child will be exposed to; nor can they isolate him from the public mood, the spirit of the age. It is an often-heard complaint of the middle-class mother, for instance, that she must let her children watch television for hours on end every day if she is to steal any time for herself. The rich have ho such problems; they can keep their offspring busy from morning to night without being near them for a minute more than they choose to be, and can exercise almost total control over their environment. As for schooling, they can hand-pick tutors with sound views to come to the children, who may never leave the grounds their parents own, in town, in the country, by the sea, unless for an exceptionally secure boarding school or a well-chaperoned trip abroad. It would have been easier for little Marianne Montgomery to go to Cairo than to the nearest newsstand.
What is the main idea of the selection?
A The rich control their children's lives without being near them.
B The generation gap only occurs in the lower and middle classes.
C Rich parents have more authority over their children than poor parents.
D Very rich girls are rather dependent as a result of being overprotected by their parents.
The author implies that Marianne Hardwick's timidity and unadventurousness were closely associated with the
A innate characteristics of the weaker sex.
B way she was brought up.
C consumption of her vitality.
D her physical activity and longing.
The phrase "to fend for themselves" (Line 5) most probably means
A to present themselves.
B to isolate themselves.
C to be proud of themselves.
D to look after themselves.
It can be inferred from the second paragraph that multimillionaires' children have
A little opportunity to develop according to their own inclinations.
B more opportunity to develop according to their own inclinations than ordinary children.
C as much opportunity to develop according to their own inclinations as ordinary children.
D absolute opportunity to develop according to their own inclinations.
Which of the following is true about Creighton Montgomery's daughters?
A They did not have up-to-date ideas.
B They were unintelligent.
C They did not have much freedom.
D They had no physical activity.
Which of the following best describes the tone of the passage?
A Angry and indignant.
B Factual and informative.
C Humorously critical.
D Cautiously optimistic.
If your child only picks at his food, he can be trained to be a good eater.
That will happen only when you've changed some of your own habits. Your child only accidentally discovered that being a bad eater meant getting lots of rewards from you. But you, as a parent, can easily undo your child's bad eating habits.
I recall the case of little Sally Sanders, aged three-and-a-half, who was angrily described by her mother as being, "the worst eater I've ever seen in my life! I can't get her to eat anything. I'm afraid she's going to grow up sick and weak, that's how little she eats."
"What do you do when she won't eat her food?" I asked.
Her voice showing a very high state of pique, Mrs. Sanders continued resentfully, "Every time we have a meal, I wind up having a big fight with Sally. I scream and shout a lot at her. She makes me so mad when she won't eat her food. I warn her she needs a good, well-balanced meal to grow up healthy. She's just a stubborn child who won't eat her food. I'm afraid she'll get a bad vitamin deficiency for not eating all the good food I cook for her."
I took a thorough case history. I went into much detail about the family's habits, their routines, their way of getting on together. Sally, I was told, had always been a bad eater. Mother and father agreed that Sally became worse in her eating habits soon after Elizabeth, her nine-month-old baby sister, was born. "It only makes Sally very angry when I tell her what a wonderful little eater Elizabeth is. Elizabeth is such a wonderful eater I never have any problems with her. Why can't Sally be like Elizabeth?"
"Instead of making mealtime an occasion for pleasure, you've made it into a battle of wills, a struggle for power between you and little Sally", I explained.
Meals should be a sort of treat, not a nutritional treatment for your child. For Now, stop being an amateur nutritionist. Give her the sort of food she really enjoys. And give her only very small portions. Don't scold if she doesn't eat everything on her plate. If she's eaten everything and wants more, give her only tiny additional portions. Never insist that she eat everything on her plate. Remain, to the best of your ability calm, unconcerned and indifferent to her habit of slowly picking away at her food. Instead, enjoy your own food, and pay no attention to Sally. Then, after about, say, 30 minutes, very calmly pick up all the plates and other crockery from the table. Mealtime is over. Maybe your child will complain that she hasn't finished yet. Pay her no heed. But do say, for example, "That's the way it's got to be. We can't stay at the table too long eating. Sorry, if you're still hungry, you'll just have to wait until lunch time, (or whatever the next meal is)."
A bad eater in the article refers to who
A has no taste for food.
B eats bad food.
C pay no attention to nutrition of food at all.
D picks at the food and eats very little.
The author is probably
A a skillful nurse.
B a nutritionist.
C a physician.
D a psychologist.
Which of the following is true according to the article?
A Sally's mother contributes much to Sally's bad eating habits.
B Sally's mother praises her baby sister to make her angry.
C Sally's mother cannot cook nutritional food.
D Sally's mother intends to make mealtime a struggle for power.
The author advises Mrs. Sanders
A to give her child nutritious food only.
B to force her child to eat everything.
C not to become an amateur nutritionist.
D to stop starving her child to change her bad eating habits.
In the phrase "a very high state of pique" (Line 1, Para. 5), the word "pique" can be replaced by the word
There are few stranger alliances in America's culture wars than the one between nativists and multiculturalists on the subject of assimilating immigrants. Nativists argue that the great American assimilation machine is broken beyond repair. Immigrants arrived in such quantities in the 1980's and 1990's that they can seclude themselves in ethnic enclaves rather than merging into the mainstream. And the growing ease of communications means that they have no need to loosen their ties with their original countries. The Italians who passed through Ellis Island at the turn of the century had little hope of seeing their motherland again. The multiculturalists agree with the nativists' premises but go on to draw radically different conclusions. "Mainstream America" was never anything more than a codeword for racial oppression, they argue. The arrival of millions of unassimilated immigrants is requiring America to abandon the old notion of a melting pot and turn itself instead into a "gorgeous mosaic" in which distinctive ethnic groups still manage to make a whole.
Gregory Rodriguez, a fellow at the New America Foundation, says it is wrong to measure assimilation against impossible standards. Immigrants have always taken time to move into the mainstream, both geographically and culturally. And assimilation has always been a two-way process, with each new wave of immigrants contributing something to what it means to be American, from Jewish humor to German beer. The proper measure of assimilation is not whether ethnic groups have cut their ties to their homeland completely, but whether they have put down roots in the United States. Mr. Rodriguez argues that if you lo0k at the four most important measures of "roots"--citizenship, home ownership, language acquisition and intermarriage--then assimilation is going on much as it always has.
Much of what Mr. Rodriguez has to say is common sense. The United States is the most culturally powerful nation in the world, striking terror into chauvinists from Paris to Tehran; it is hardly surprising that it should be able to absorb people within its own borders, particularly since most people come to the United States with the express purpose of getting ahead. It is perhaps not surprising either that nativists should ignore common sense; at bottom, much of their objection to immigration is based on race. But why multiculturalists should seek to deny the obvious is a subject worthy of study in itself.
The nativists think that
A immigrants can no longer be brought into mainstream America.
B mainstream America refuses to assimilate immigrants any more.
C immigrants will eventually be assimilated into mainstream America.
D assimilation ironically strengthens cultural identities of immigrants.
The multiculturalists' views on assimilation are
A there has been no such thing as mainstream America.
B mainstream America has been instrumental in combating racial oppression.
C different ethnic groups will in time be brought into mainstream America.
D immigrants should retain their ethnic identities.
According to Gregory Rodriguez, which of the following statements is true?
A Mainstream America discriminates against immigrants of certain ethnicities.
B America's assimilating machine is still working.
C Immigrants find it difficult to abandon their cultural identities.
D Immigrants should abandon their own cultures.
The author seems to be in favor of
A the nativists.
B the multiculturalists.
C Gregory Rodriguez.
D mainstream America Part Ⅵ WRITING
A donation is not a good way to aid the recovery of earthquake-hit regions. Do you agree? Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a composition of about 200 words: You are to write in three parts. In the first part, state specifically what your opinion is. In the second part, provide one or two reasons to support your opinion. In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or make a summary. You should supply an appropriate title for your composition. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.
Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a note of about 50～60 words based on the following situation: You are Jim. You have passed the exam for graduation. Write a note to express your thanks for Brittany's help with your exam. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.
The reduction of ______ UN peace-keeping troops within 4 months from Rwanda is authorized.
It is agreed that the UN force will do the following EXCEPT
A making sure of the safe return of Rwandan refugees.
B helping with the delivery of humanitarian aid.
C reducing its peace-keeping force.
D helping with Rwanda's police force training.
The mayor was accused of ______ .
A taking bribe
B showing contempt of court
C playing tricks during a land dispute
D taking part in a government-backed plot
Which one of the following is NOT true according to the news?
A The mayor is a left-wing member.
B Many people had gathered to support the mayor.
C The mayor is the most popular politician in the country.
D The act of the congress could not influence the mayor's political career.