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2018年英语专业四级考前强化试题及答案解析(二)
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第 1 题:单选题:

My train arrives in Shenyang at seven o'clock tomorrow. The plane I would like to take from there ______ by then.

A. would leave

B. will have left

C. has left

D. had left

第 2 题:单选题:

The trouble with owning a foreign car is that ______ parts are so expensive.

A. extra

B. separate

C. spare

D. reserve

第 3 题:单选题:

______ plastics, the machine is light in weight.

A. To make of

B. To be made of

C. Having made of

D. Made of

第 4 题:单选题:

Of the thousands of known volcanoes in the world, the ______ majority are inactive.

A. tremendous

B. demanding

C. intensive

D. overwhelming

第 5 题:单选题:

I advise you ______ of ______ out such a dangerous plan.

A. to stop to think; carry

B. to stop thinking; carrying

C. to stop thinking; carry

D. to stop thinking; to carry

第 6 题:单选题:

Einstein won the Nobel Prize in 1921 and enjoyed great fame in Germany until the rise of Nazism ______ he was expelled from Germany because he was a Jew.

A. when

B. who

C. then

D. which

第 7 题:填空题:

第 8 题:Listening Comprehension ( Conversation ):

 

1小题>

The woman go to Hong Kong ______.

A On business.

B To buy something.

C To relieve herself from the break with her boyfriend.

D For fun.

2小题>

How did the woman get to the Peak?

A By the Peak bus.

B By the Peak elevator.

C By the Peak tram.

D By the Peak boat.

3小题>

Why didn't Maggie tell the stories about the Buddha?

A Because she didn't want to.

B Because she had to catch the last bus.

C Because she didn't know the stories.

D Because she didn't believe in Buddhism.

第 9 题:Listening Comprehension ( Conversation ):

 

1小题>

What is the woman's favorite hobby?

A Skiing.

B Skating.

C Swimming.

D Joggin

2小题>

Where did the man lead the woman to first in order to make things easier?

A The top of the hill.

B The gentle slope of the hill.

C The foot of the hill.

D The side of the hill.

3小题>

If the woman wants to stop, she would ______.

A keep leaning forward.

B cross.

C go step by step like a crab.

D point the tips together.

4小题>

If the woman wants to go up the hill, what should she do?

A She should keep leaning forward.

B She should cross.

C She should go step by step like a crab.

D She should point the tips together.

第 10 题:Listening Comprehension ( Conversation ):

 

1小题>

Where did this dialogue take place?

A In a TV studio.

B In an auditorium.

C In a laboratory.

D In a classroom.

2小题>

What is not mentioned when talking about places where people were trapped in?

A Hotels.

B Railway stations.

C Airports.

D Bus stations.

3小题>

What, in Professor Zhang's opinion, should we do before we make good money out of holiday economy?

A Increase our GNP.

B Invest a lot of things like better facilities and better services.

C Boost the local commerce.

D Provide seasonal jobs.

第 11 题:Listening Comprehension (Passages):

 

1小题>

What questions were included in the mid-term exam and will not be included in the final exam?

A Essay questions.

B Multiple choice questions.

C Filling the blank questions.

D Error correction questions.

2小题>

What did NOT the teacher suggest the students to review?

A The textbook.

B The calls notes.

C The mid-term questions.

D The reference books.

3小题>

On which day will be the teacher in his office all day?

A Monday.

B Tuesday.

C Wednesday.

D Thursday.

第 12 题:Listening Comprehension (Passages):

 

1小题>

According to the study, what is the way the babies react to different people?

A They seem to be more comfortable around other babies than with strange adults.

B They seem to be more nervous around other babies than with strange adults.

C They seem to be as comfortable around other babies as with strange adults.

D They have no special interest.

2小题>

What, in Dr. Richard Perelman's opinion, is not a good idea to take care of children?

A Leave them to a baby-sitter.

B Leave them in a day-care center.

C Leave them with other children with a care of an adult.

D Leave them in a kindergarten.

3小题>

According to the study, an infant child can form friendship as young as ______.

A six months old

B one year old

C eighteen months old

D two years old

第 13 题:Listening Comprehension (Passages):

 

1小题>

Where is this passage most probably taking place?

A In a theater.

B In a sitting-room.

C In a classroom.

D In a library.

2小题>

What is the trip about?

A A trip on business.

B A trip for fun.

C A field trip.

D A trip for great scenic views.

3小题>

According to the schedule, the students will take the trip for ______ hours.

A 6

B 7

C 8

D 9

4小题>

What is not included in the monitor's suggestion?

A Be on time.

B Bring your lunch.

C Bring warm clothes.

D Bring your handouts.

第 14 题:Listening Comprehension (News Broadcast):

 

1小题>

According to the news, Israeli airstrikes ______.

A killed a Jihad militant in his car

B happened after militant had fired a rocket toward northern Goza

C were observed from both a helicopter and a drone

D wounded other two militants

2小题>

The defense minister of Israel expressed that ______.

A there was no hope of peace in the sight

B Palestinian leaders were supporting terrorist groups

C A Palestinian state was a matter of time

D Israel was reluctant to make peace with Palestinian leaders

第 15 题:Listening Comprehension (News Broadcast):

 

1小题>

Aid workers in Mozambique say they are confident that ______.

A they are coming to terms with the humanitarian crisis

B they can get more help from the outside world

C they can get supplies through to the areas of need

D they can help themselves

2小题>

The WHO has warned that ______.

A the skies over Mozambique have been too busy

B malaria has risen sharply

C medical services have not been available

D medical staff is not enough

3小题>

The fleet operate on an average of ______ flights per day.

A 50

B 100

C 150

D 200

第 16 题:Listening Comprehension (News Broadcast):

 

1小题>

The mourning period starts from ______.

A Wednesday

B Thursday

C Friday

D Sunday

2小题>

According to the news, the gunmen ______.

A surrendered

B were released

C got a fair trial

D killed some of the hostages

3小题>

How many persons were killed in the hostage crisis?

A 5.

B 6.

C 7.

D 8.

第 17 题:Listening Comprehension (News Broadcast):

 

1小题>

According to Roger Noriega, the turbulent period in Latin American was caused by ______.

A his unsuccessful work

B the inadequate interventions from the U. S.

C the immature democratic institutions of some Latin American countries

D some political leaders

2小题>

Bolivian president Carlos Mesa ______.

A fled his country after resigning

B advocated a free market

C was forced out of office

D decided to stop the nationalization of energy industry

第 18 题:Cloze:

Geography is study of the relationship between people and the land. Geographers compare and contrast (1) places on the earth. But they also (2) beyond the individual places and consider the earth as a (3) . The word geography (4) from two Greek words, ge, the Greek word for "earth" and graphic, (5) means" to write".
The English word (6) means" to describe the earth". Some geography books focus (7) a small area (8) a town or city. Others deal with a state, a region, a nation, or an (9) continent. Many geography books deal (10) the whole earth. Another (11) to divide the study of geography is to (12) between physical geography and cultural geography. The former focuses on the natural world; (13) starts with human beings and (14) how human beings and their environment act (15) each other. But when geography is considered as a single subject, (16) branch can neglect the other. A geographer might be described as one who observes, records, and explains the (17) between places. If places (18) alike, there would be little need for geographers. We know, however, (19) no two places are exactly the same. Geography, (20) , is a point of view, a special way of looking at places.

1小题>

A similar

B various

C distant

D famous

2小题>

A pass

B reach

C go

D set

3小题>

A globe

B planet

C result

D whole

4小题>

A falls

B removes

C results

D comes

5小题>

A what

B that

C which

D it

6小题>

A ge

B graphy

C geography

D graphic

7小题>

A to

B up

C above

D on

8小题>

A outside

B except

C like

D as

9小题>

A extensive

B enormous

C overall

D entire

10小题>

A with

B in

C to

D of

11小题>

A way

B means

C habits

D technique

12小题>

A split

B distinguish

C integrate

D tell

13小题>

A second

B latter

C next

D later

14小题>

A learns

B realizes

C studies

D understands

15小题>

A upon

B for

C as

D to

16小题>

A either

B neither

C one

D each

17小题>

A exceptions

B differences

C sameness

D divisions

18小题>

A being

B are

C were

D be

19小题>

A although

B whether

C since

D that

20小题>

A then

B nevertheless

C still

D moreover

第 19 题:单选题:

Scarcely had her husband arrived home ______ his wife started complaining.

A. when

B. that

C. than

D. and

第 20 题:单选题:

After the explosion, the factory was a ______of total confusion.

A. situation

B. scene

C. view

D. show

第 21 题:单选题:

We passed the examination, ______.

A. and so he did

B. and neither did he

C. and so did he

D. but he did

第 22 题:单选题:

All ______ is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life.

A. what is needed

B. for our needs

C. the thing needed

D. that is needed

第 23 题:单选题:

Hardly a month goes by without ______ of another survey revealing new depths of scientific illiteracy among US citizens.

A. words

B. word

C. a word

D. the word

第 24 题:单选题:

The old couple moved to the countryside ______their health for the doctor said fresh air would do them good.

A. for the sake of

B. because of

C. in case of

D. in spite of

第 25 题:单选题:

The room was empty, but Tom felt that ______ was watching him.

A. anybody

B. nobody

C. somebody

D. everybody

第 26 题:单选题:

Air is composed of ______ gas including hydrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide.

A. varied

B. variant

C. variable

D. various

第 27 题:单选题:

It is a common theme in many science fiction stories that the world may one day be ______ by insects.

A. broken in

B. run over

C. taken over

D. filled in

第 28 题:单选题:

Despite almost universal ______ of the vital importance of women's literacy, education remains a dream for far many women in far too many countries of the world.

A. identification

B. compliment

C. confession

D. acknowledgement

第 29 题:单选题:

The room is about ______ in diameter as the hall.

A. one-third as large

B. as one-third large

C. as large one-third

D. one-third large as

第 30 题:单选题:

The salesman's ______ annoyed the old lady, but finally she gave up.

A. endurance

B. assistance

C. persistence

D. resistance

第 31 题:单选题:

After making a great effort, we finally ______ the plan.

A. carried on

B. carried out

C. carried off

D. carried over

第 32 题:单选题:

Please don't ______ too much on the painful memories, Everything will be all right.

A. hesitate

B. linger

C. retain

D. dwell

第 33 题:单选题:

The President made his last public ______ before his term of office ended.

A. appearance

B. engagement

C. gathering

D. meeting

第 34 题:单选题:

You should avoid ______when you join them for the first rehearsal.

A. from being mocked at

B. being mocked at

C. to be mocked at

D. mocking at

第 35 题:单选题:

John was young, ______, he was equal to this important task.

A. therefore

B. moreover

C. nevertheless

D. hence

第 36 题:单选题:

The jobs of wildlife technicians and biologists seemed ______to him, but one day he discovered their difference.

A. identical

B. vertical

C. parallel

D. specific

第 37 题:单选题:

Only when you have obtained sufficient data ______ come to a sound conclusion.

A. can you

B. would you

C. you will

D. you can

第 38 题:单选题:

The road is quiet. There ______ traffic even in the daytime.

A. isn't much

B. aren't many

C. is few

D. are little

第 39 题:单选题:

The road is laid ahead of him, a ______ gray line stretching to the horizon.

A. constant

B. repeated

C. continuous

D. wide

第 40 题:单选题:

It's difficult to ______ with the knowledge that he is a failure.

A. feed

B. live

C. stay

D. get on

第 41 题:单选题:

In today's medical, little agreement exists on the ______ for defining mental illness.

A. legislation

B. requirement

C. criteria

D. measures

第 42 题:单选题:

Her address made a great impression ______ the audience.

A. at

B. of

C. in

D. on

第 43 题:Reading Comprehension (Comprehension):

To produce the upheaval in the United States that changed and modernized the domain of higher education from the mid of 1860's to the mid of 1800's, three primary causes interacted. The emergence of a half dozen leaders in education provided the personal force that was needed.
Moreover, an outcry for a fresher, more practical, and more advanced kind of instruction arose among the alumni and friends of nearly all of the old colleges and grew into a movement that overrode all conservative opposition. The aggressive "Young Yale" movement appeared, demanding partial alumni control, a more liberal spirit, and a broader course of study. The graduates of Harvard College simultaneously rallied to relieve the college's poverty and demand new enterprise. Education was pushing toward higher standards in the East by throwing off church leadership everywhere, and in the West by finding a wider range of studies and a new sense of public duty.
The old-style classical education received its most crushing blow in the citadel of Harvard College, where Dr. Charles Eliot, a young captain of thirty -- five, son of a former treasure of Harvard, led the progressive forces. Five revolutionary advances were made during the first years of Dr. Eliot's administration. They were the elevation and amplification of entrance requirements, the enlargement of the curriculum and the development of the elective system, the recognition of graduate study in the liberal arts, the raising of professional training in law, medicine, and the fostering of greater maturity in student life. Standards of admission were sharply advanced in 1872~1873 and 1876~1877. By the appointment of a dean to take charge of student affairs, and a wise handling of discipline, the undergraduates were led to regard themselves more as young gentlemen and less as young animals. One new course of study after another was opened up: science, music, the history of the fine arts, advanced Spanish, political economy, physics, classical philology, and international law.

1小题>

Which of the following is the author's main purpose in writing the passage?

A To present the history of Harvard College and compare it with that of Yale University.

B To criticize the conditions of the U.S. universities in the 19th century.

C To describe innovations in the U.S. higher education in the latter 1800's.

D To introduce what was happening in major U. S. universities before the turn of the century.

2小题>

According to the passage, the educational changes were the result of ______.

A plans developed by conservative and church leaders.

B efforts of interested individuals to redefine the educational system.

C the demands of social organization seeking financial relief.

D rallies held by westerners wanting to compete with eastern schools.

3小题>

Before the change, Harvard ______.

A was short of financial aid

B offered a narrower range of subjects

C was not strict with its students

D all of the above

4小题>

From the passage, which of the following can be inferred about Harvard College before progressive changes occurred?

A Admission standards were lower.

B Students were younger.

C Classes ended earlier.

D Courses were more practical.

5小题>

Which of the following is NOT included in Dr. Eliot's reform program?

A Diversification of the courses offered.

B Elevation of the admissions standards.

C Enlargement of the enrollment.

D Enforced professional training in some fiel

第 44 题:Reading Comprehension (Comprehension):

Every profession or trade, every art and every science has its technical vocabulary, the function of which is partly to designate things or processes which have no names in ordinary English, and partly to secure greater exactness in nomenclature. Such special dialects, or jargons, are necessary in technical discussion of any kind. Being universally understood by the devotees of the particular science or art, they have the precision of a mathematical formula. Besides, they save time, for it is much more economical to name a process than to describe it. Thousands of these technical terms are very properly included in every large dictionary, yet, as a whole, they are rather on the outskirts of the English language than actually within its borders.
Different occupations, however, differ widely in the character of heir special vocabularies. In trades and handicrafts, and other vocations, like farming and fishery, that have occupied great numbers of men from remote times, the technical vocabulary, is very old. It consists largely of native words, or of borrowed words that have worked themselves into the very fiber of our language. Hence, though highly technical in many particulars, these vocabularies are more familiar in sounds; and more generally understood, than most other technicalities. The special dialects of law, medicine, divinity, and philosophy have also, in their older strata, become pretty familiar to cultivated persons, and have contributed much to the popular vocabulary. Yet every vocation still possesses a large body of technical terms that remain essentially foreign, even to educated speech. And the proportion has been much increased in the last fifty years, particularly in the various departments of natural and political science and in the mechanic arts. Here new terms are coined with the greatest freedom and abandoned with indifference when they have served their turn. Most of the new coinages are confined to special discussions, and seldom get into general literature or conversation. Yet no profession is nowadays, as all professions once were, a close guild. The lawyer, the physician, the man of science, the divine, associates freely with his fellow-creatures, and does not meet them in a merely professional way. Furthermore, what is called "popular science" makes everybody acquainted with modern views and recent discoveries. Any important experiment, though made in a remote or provincial laboratory is at once reported in the newspapers, and everybody is soon talking about it --as in the case of the Roentgen rays and wireless telegraphy. Thus our common speech is always taking up new technical terms and making them commonplace.

1小题>

In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the number of technical terms in the nomenclature of ______.

A government

B sports

C fishing

D natural science

2小题>

This passage is primarily concerned with ______.

A a new language

B technical terminology

C scientific undertakings

D popular science

3小题>

The writer of this article was, no doubt ______.

A a linguist

B an attorney

C a scientist

D an essayist

第 45 题:Reading Comprehension (Comprehension):

The car industry suffered another setback yesterday when Lucas Electrical Company announced that many of its 12,000 workers at 15 factories in the West Midlands would be going on short time. It was expected that they would work a four-day week starting early next month.
"There will be a requirement for some short-time working in selected product areas and the final details will be organized on a site-by-site basis," a Lucas spokesman said in Birmingham.
The factories cover an area from Telford, Shropshire, to Solihull in the West Midlands. Many of those involved are women and the products include alternators, batteries and headlamps. For many families the wife has been the sole earner in recent months.
The Lucas announcement is expected to have an aggravated effect on the region's rapidly declining economy.
The company spokesman said that not all the 12,000 would be affected; about 20 percent of the staff would not be affected at all.
The announcement comes after BL's production cuts in the Austin-Rover division with a two-week extended holiday for 8,000 workers because of the sluggish market. Dunlop in Birmingham has made a similar decision.
Lucas said that it was also because of reductions in the schedules of other customers in the car industry. It as emphasized that it was temporary and its duration would depend on how many cars were sold in the coming months.

1小题>

According to the passage, we learn the bad news for the car industry from ______.

A the announcement of production cuts by the Austin-Rover

B the report of the sluggish market for the car industry

C the announcement of short-time working by Lucas

D the reductions in the schedules of some customers

2小题>

Which of the following is true about the bad news?

A Workers would work a five-day week.

B Women would have to take early retirement.

C 8,000 workers would have fewer paid holidays than before.

D It will result in an increase of the decline of the area's economy.

3小题>

Which of the following is not produced by the West Midlands factories?

A Batteries.

B Horns.

C Headlamps.

D Alternators.

4小题>

According to the passage, how many workers would not be affected by the bad news?

A About 2,400.

B About 5,000.

C About 8,000.

D About 12,000.

第 46 题:Reading Comprehension (Comprehension):

Like other forms of life on this planet, human beings face a basic task: to deal satisfactorily with their conflicts and thereby secure the advantages of community and cooperation. Unlike other forms of life, human beings are born with a capacity to reflect on this task and to search for better solutions by conscious thought and careful choices. The task of overcoming conflicts and achieving community life and cooperation arises because human beings are unable and unwilling to live in complete isolation. The advantages of cooperation and community life are so numerous and so obvious that they must have been evident to man from earliest times. By now, our ancestors have closed off the choice; for most of us the choice of total isolation from a community is, realistically speaking, no longer open. Nevertheless, however strongly human beings are driven to seek the company of one another, and despite thousands of years' practice, they have never discovered a way in which they can live together without conflict. Conflict exists when one individual wishes to follow a line of action that would make it difficult or impossible for someone else to pursue his own desire. Conflict seems to be an incapable aspect of the community and consequently of human beings. Why conflict seems inescapable is a question that has troubled many people: philosophers, historians, social scientists, doubtless a great many ordinary people." Conflict is built into the very nature of men and women," said James Madison, "Human beings have diverse abilities, and these in turn produce diverse interests.\

1小题>

The main point of this passage is that ______.

A human beings by their nature will always conflict with each other

B James Madison made many thoughtful comments about human beings as social animals

C our need for fellowship and the advantages of cooperation create communities

D humans have not yet been able to achieve complete harmony and to live without conflict

2小题>

Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?

A The basic task for humans and other forms of life on this planet is to deal with their conflicts successfully.

B James Madison said that the varied interests in civilized nations divide them into different classes with different views.

C To exist without conflict would mean fear and danger of death.

D Conflict exists when people live in complete isolation.

3小题>

It can be concluded from the passage that ______.

A conflict can be overcome if we live and work alone

B it is impossible for human beings to avoid conflict with one another

C the best solution to the problem of conflict is isolation from the community

D human beings have found the way to deal with their conflicts

第 47 题:Reading Comprehension (Comprehension):

According to new research released this week from Miller-Williams, e-commerce customers feel that over 80 percent of their decision to purchase or not reside in issues beyond their online experience. What's really important to customers is brand performance.
The research was based on interviews with 976 active customers of various top performing e-commerce companies (excluding travel) including Amazon, com, AOL-Time Warner, BN.com, eBay, Monster.com and Yahoo. Current, former and potential customers were asked to describe their ideal e-commerce company vis- avis a subset of the top e-commerce companies.
Of the five attributes customers use to evaluate e-commerce companies, the Clicks Interaction driver makes up only 15 percent of decision-making. The Clicks driver incorporates all aspects of the customer's online experience, including pricing, customer support, the quality of offerings, and mistake rectification. Brand Performance topped the list (35 percent), followed by Financial Longevity (18 percent), Strategic Direction (17 percent) and Clicks Interaction (15 percent). These five attributes, or drivers, make up 100% of a customer's decision to purchase from a site or not. Customers recognize the value of a well-performing brand and today's top e-commerce companies are clearly meeting their expectations-- a key to their success. Based on this response, the study suggests that companies should continue, or even increase, their investments in traditional advertising campaigns.
According to the study, Amazon. com is the premier e-commerce company, having translated its Brand Performance into value on the Bricks Interaction. The research shows Amazon's value here is essentially the equivalent of a retail storefront, something that customers don't see in the other e-commerce companies.
Customers wholeheartedly agree that e-commerce companies need to better demonstrate their financial security. What's more interesting is that customers do not necessarily equate financial resources such as revenue, net profits and market value with financial stability. Instead, customers see a company's aggressiveness and ability to seize new markets as increasing their financial longevity. After analyzing 27 bricks & mortar and e-commerce market leading companies, customers ranked Oracle number one in terms of financial security, outperforming others such as AOL-Time Warner, Dell Computer and General Motors. Amazon and Barnesandnoble.com enjoy a high ranking on perceived financial security.
"This shows us why so many recent activities and acquisitions have been taking place in e-commerce," said Miller-Williams CEO, Gary A. Williams." Their revenues and profits are stabilizing and becoming more predictable so they make nice merger or alliance candidates. E-Commerce customers are voting with their dollars, and the winners are companies that have shown their brand strength and ability to execute in a proven market space."
With respect to Brand Performance, the study warns e-commerce companies currently evaluating the use of pop-up advertisements: Customers see the use of technology and marketing and advertising as being an inseparable part of the company's brand. Key groups of e-commerce users have been resistant to this form of advertising, so use of it may have an impact on the customer's decision to purchase from a site or not.

1小题>

The thing that most e-commerce customers are concerned about is ______.

A their own online experience

B brand performance

C their decision to purchase

D percentage of the issues

2小题>

The word" incorporate" in the third paragraph can be replaced by ______.

A corporate

B operate

C combine

D infest

3小题>

Which of the following statements is NOT true, according to the passage?

A The five attributes customers use to evaluate e-commerce companies are functional.

B The Clicks Interaction driver fails to work as ideally as many people have expected.

C A key to the success of today's top e-commerce companies is based on Clicks Interaction.

D A well-performing brand is most likely to be valued and recognized by customers.

4小题>

According to the passage, the customers pay more attention to ______.

A e-commerce companies' financial stability

B e-commerce companies' financial resources

C e-commerce companies' financial longevity

D e-commerce companies' financial security

5小题>

According to the last paragraph," this form of advertising" refers to ______.

A advertisements on TV

B pop-up advertisements

C advertisements in the newspaper

D none of the above

第 48 题:填空题:

Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a composition of about 200 words on the following topic:

Bacon says" Money is like muck, not good except it be spread." Some people claims that money is a good servant and a bad master. What's your view on it? Write an essay expressing the relationship between money and happiness.
Money and Happiness
You are to write in three parts: In the first part of your writing you should present your thesis statement. In the second part you should support the thesis statement with appropriate details. In the last part you should bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.

第 49 题:填空题:

 
Write in your ANSWER SHEET ONE a note of about 50-60 words to a friend of yours based on the following given situation:

You are Bill Halliday. You are looking for a summer job. Write a letter to the manager, applying for the job.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.

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